Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-associated Lymphoepithelioma-like Carcinoma of the Vagina and Anal Canal: A Rare Variant of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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Abstract

Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is an uncommon variant of squamous cell carcinoma, which is histologically identical to lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the nasopharynx. LELCs have been reported at a variety of sites, including the stomach, salivary gland, thymus, cervix, endometrium, breast, skin, bladder, and lung. We report 2 LELCs of the vagina and 1 of the anal canal, the first report of LELC at the latter site. All 3 neoplasms were diffusely positive with p16 (block-type immunoreactivity) and the anal canal lesion contained high-risk human papillomavirus type 16; the 2 vaginal neoplasms underwent human papillomavirus testing but were unsuitable for analysis. All cases were Epstein-Barr virus negative. In reporting these cases, we highlight the potential for misdiagnosis and suggest an association with human papillomavirus infection similar to LELCs in the uterine cervix.

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