Effects of dietary dandelion extract on intestinal morphology, antioxidant status, immune function and physical barrier function of juvenile golden pompanoTrachinotus ovatus
Intestinal morphology, antioxidant status, immune function and tight junction proteins mRNA expression were examined in golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus) that fed respectively six diets containing dandelion extracts (DE) at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 10gkg−1 after 8 weeks feeding. The study indicated that dietary DE significantly improved intestinal antioxidant abilities by increasing SOD, CAT, T-AOC activities and up-regulating intestinal cat, gpx mRNA levels, but by decreasing MDA content and down-regulating intestinal keap1 mRNA levels in golden pompano. Meanwhile, dietary DE improved intestinal morphology, suggesting that enhances intestinal digestion and absorption, by increasing muscle thickness, villus length, villus width and villus number in the foregut and hindgut; as well as villus number, villus width and muscle thickness in the midgut (P<.05). Dietary DE enhanced intestinal barrier function by increasing intestinal zo-1 and occludin mRNA levels, but by decreasing the mRNA levels of claudin-12 and claudin-15. Furthermore, dietary DE improved intestinal immunity via increasing goblet cells numbers and regulating expression of immune-related genes. In conclusion, dietary DE supplementation promoted intestine health by improving intestine morphology, immunity, antioxidant abilities and intestinal barrier in golden pompano.