Sellar and suprasellar granular cell tumor of the neurohypophysis: A rare case report and review of the literature

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Granular cell tumors of the neurohypophysis are rare tumors with a WHO grade of I. Symptomatic tumors are even more rare. In this case, we present a 50-year-old patient with a sellar and suprasellar granular cell tumor of the neurohypophysis, who reported headaches, blurred vision and unsteady gait. CT imaging showed a sellar and suprasellar mass approximately 2.9 cm in diameter with clear boundaries. Histologically, the tumor lacked any obvious atypia and contained densely arranged polygonal tumor cells with abundant granular eosinophilic cytoplasm. Staining for Alpha-1 AntiChymotrypsin (AACT), TTF-1 and PAS was diffusely positive, and S-100 staining was focally positive in the tumor cells. CD34, CK, EMA, GFAP and HMB45 staining were negative. The Ki-67 index was < 1%. According to these findings, the tumor was diagnosed as a symptomatic granular cell tumor of the neurohypophysis. We suggest that identifying the location of the tumor with imaging is helpful for understanding the granular cell tumor of the neurohypophysis. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are critical for patients.

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