The natural flavonoid myricetin inhibits gastric H+, K+-ATPase
Myricetin (3,3’,4’,5,5’,7-hexahydroxyflavone), a major flavonoid in berries and red wine, has been recently used as a health food supplement based on its antioxidant and antitumor properties. We report here that myricetin preferentially exerts inhibitory effects on gastric H+, K+-ATPase. Myricetin inhibited H+, K+-ATPase with a sub-micromolar IC50 value in an enzyme assay using freeze-dried tubulovesicles prepared from hog stomach. Na+, K+-ATPase and Ca2+-ATPase were also inhibited by myricetin in a dose-dependent manner, but the IC50 values for these enzymes were approximately an order of magnitude higher compared to the H+, K+-ATPase. In structure-inhibitory functional analysis of sixteen myricetin derivatives, several phenolic hydroxy groups attached to the flavonoid backbone were highlighted as essential modifications for the inhibition of P2-type ATPases. Furthermore, oral administration of myricetin significantly attenuated histamine-induced gastric acid secretion in an in vivo mouse assessment. Therefore, myricetin derivatives seem to be useful seed compounds for developing new drugs and supplements to alleviate gastric acid secretion.