Rehabilitative Principles in the Management of Thoracolumbar Syndrome: A Case Report

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Abstract

Objective:

The purpose of this case report was to describe the chiropractic management of thoracolumbar syndrome using multimodal therapies.

Clinical Features:

A 33-year-old woman with 3 weeks of back pain presented to a chiropractic clinic. Nerve tension tests and local tenderness were present in a pattern described by Maigne, and she was diagnosed with thoracolumbar syndrome (Maigne syndrome) at her initial visit.

Intervention and Outcomes:

The Oswestry Disability Index for low back pain (62%), STarT low back screen tool for clinical outcomes (6 points total, with a 2-point subscale), numeric pain rating scale (6/10 constant, 10/10 with provocation), and test-retest exercise audits were outcome measures. She received 3 treatment sessions, each with progressive exercise audits, and discharged with advice. At discharge, the patient scores substantially improved (Oswestry Disability Index: 8%, STarT: 1 point total, numeric pain rating scale: 1/10, 10% of the time), and she exhibited greater confidence in home care. Endurance tests were performed to establish baselines for future care, which included static back endurance test (timed 52 seconds) and side bridge endurance test (timed 43 seconds).

Conclusion:

The patient responded positively to chiropractic care. After a short course of care, the patient reported reduced pain, alleviated symptoms, and improved physical function.

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