Effect ofAgaricus bisporusenriched diet on growth, hematology, and immune protection inClarias gariepinusagainstFlavobacterium columnare
The purpose of the present study was to find out the effect of dietary enriched button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus at 1%, 5%, and 10% levels on growth performance, hematology, nonspecific immune responses, and disease resistance in catfish, Clarias gariepinus against Flavobacterium columnare for a period of four weeks. The percentage weight gain and specific growth rate (SGR) were higher in the infected fish fed with 5% A. bisporus enriched diet than with 1% and 10% diets. The red blood cell (RBC), white blood cell (WBC), hematocrit (PCV), and haemoglobin (Hb) values are similar (p>.05) among the experimental groups at the end of fourth week. The phagocytic activity, complement activity, and lysozyme activity were significantly enhanced in the infected fish fed with 5% A. bisporus diet during the experimental period; however, it was significantly enhanced with 10% A. bisporus enriched diet only on weeks 2 and 4. On the other hand, the respiratory burst (RB) activity increased significantly in the infected fish fed with 5% and 10% A. bisporus enriched diets. When fed with 5% A. bisporus diet the cumulative mortality was very low (10%), followed by a high survival rate (89%) in the infected fish; nevertheless, the cumulative mortality was 25% and 20% while it was 74% and 79% when fed with 1% and 10% enriched diets. The present study recommends a dietary supplement of A. bisporus at 5% or 10% level to achieve better growth without side effect, and enhance the nonspecific immune system that prevent mortalities from F. columnare infection in C. gariepinus.