THE ROLE OF INTRAOCULAR GAS TAMPONADE IN RHEGMATOGENOUS RETINAL DETACHMENT: A Synthesis of the Literature

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Abstract

Purpose:

To review the literature regarding intraocular gas tamponade after vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Methods:

The history and evolution of the use of gas is described. The theories explaining gas tamponade are discussed, and efficacy and safety studies in human and animal models are covered.

Results:

A total of 61 articles relating to gas tamponade were cited in this review.

Conclusion:

Gas tamponade is a frequently used procedure in vitreoretinal surgery. An understanding of its mechanism of action is crucial for its safe use when determining which gas is to be used and at what concentration.

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