EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF INTRAVITREAL AFLIBERCEPT AND RANIBIZUMAB IN ASIAN PATIENTS WITH NEOVASCULAR AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION: Subgroup Analyses From the View Trials

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Abstract

Purpose:

To assess the treatment effect of intravitreal aflibercept and ranibizumab in Asian patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration.

Methods:

We evaluated data from VIEW 1 and VIEW 2, comparing functional and morphologic outcomes at Week 96 between intravitreal aflibercept 2 mg monthly (2q4) or 2 mg bimonthly after 3 initial monthly doses (2q8) versus ranibizumab 0.5 mg monthly among Asian patients (n = 269) and between Asian and white patients (n = 2044).

Results:

In Asian patients, there were no significant differences between intravitreal aflibercept 2q4 and 2q8 compared with ranibizumab in mean gain in best-corrected visual acuity (10.23 and 8.35 vs. 8.51 letters). Reduction in central retinal thickness was greater for intravitreal aflibercept 2q4 (150.43 μm, P = 0.0075) and 2q8 (148.15 μm, P = 0.0126) than ranibizumab (119.46 μm). The proportion of dry retinas was greater for intravitreal aflibercept 2q4 (65.7%, P < 0.01) than ranibizumab (41.7%). There were no differences in outcomes between Asian and white patients. Serious treatment-emergent ocular adverse events occurred in <8% of treated eyes, evenly distributed across subgroups.

Conclusion:

In Asian patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration, functional and morphologic outcomes were largely similar between intravitreal aflibercept and ranibizumab groups, and to results seen in white patients.

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