Evaluation of topical liposome incorporated clove oil in the treatment of idiopathic palmar hyperhidrosis: Single-blinded placebo-controlled study

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Abstract

Introduction

Palmar hyperhidrosis is of great concern to patients because of its physical, occupational, and psychological impact on quality of life. Topical clove oil has been used in many conditions due to its major component Eugenol that exerts blocking effect on nerve transmission.

Aim of the work

To assess the efficacy of topical liposome incorporated clove oil in decreasing the rate of sweating among patients with idiopathic palmar hyperhidrosis.

Patients and method

Forty patients with palmar hyperhidrosis were treated with clove oil 45% in liposome and another twenty patients were treated as a control group with 0.9% saline solution and evaluation was carried out before and after treatment through gravimetry testing and hyperhidrosis disease severity scale (HDSS).

Result

The gravimetry testing among clove oil-treated group showed that the mean sweating rate before treatment was 80.5 ± 41.85 (SD) mg/min which decreased significantly after treatment to 52.98 ± 37.94(SD) mg/min (P value < .001). On the other hand, the placebo-treated group,(control) the mean sweating rate before treatment was 77.40 ± 29.29(SD) which did not show significant improvement after placebo application 77.35 ± 28.29(SD; P value = .957).

Conclusion

The topical application of 45% clove oil in liposome twice daily for 2 weeks showing promising result evidenced by declining in the rate of palmar sweating among patients with idiopathic palmar hyperhidrosis.

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