Crizotinib in ALK+ inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors—Current experience and future perspectives

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Abstract

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) and its subtype epithelioid inflammatory myofibroblastic sarcoma (EIMS) are rare soft-tissue tumors. As about 50% of IMT and 100% of EIMS contain activating rearrangements of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene, targeted kinase inhibition of ALK by compounds such as crizotinib is a potential treatment option. We performed a literature review and analyzed a total of 30 patients with IMT/EIMS treated with crizotinib. A total of 12 patients achieved complete or partial remission. As preliminary data are promising, a prospective study evaluating crizotinib treatment in patients with unresectable/multifocal ALK+ IMT/EIMS is warranted.

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