Comprehensive Evaluation of Visual Function in Patients With Orbital Fracture by Visual Electrophysiology and Visual Field Examination

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Abstract

Objective:

At present, the effect of the visual electrophysiology and vision field examination in patients with orbital blowout fracture is rarely studied. So, the authors investigate the value of visual electrophysiology and vision field examination in the diagnosis of ocular contusion.

Methods:

The position and range of fracture of 81 patients were determined by computed tomography (CT) scanning. Visual evoked potential (VEP), electroretinogram (ERG), and mfERG were vision field examination detected in 81 patients and the results were compared with those of contralateral healthy eyes. In addition, visual electrophysiology and vision field examination in diagnosis of eye contusion was analyzed and the correlation of the VEP, ERG, mfERG injury duration, and visual acuity was further analyzed.

Results:

The visual acuity of orbital fractures was significantly decreased compared with that in the uninjured eyes (t = 2.181, P = 0.032). Compared injured eyes and normal eyes in 54 patients, b wave of Max-ERG and Cone-ERG implied value extension (t = −2.426, P = 0.025; t = −2.942, P = 0.014), P-VEP P100 Peak duration and amplitude significantly extended (t = 3.162, P = 0.007; t = 9.314, P = 0.000), and F-VEP P1 amplitude decreased significantly (t = 3.362, P = 0.004). mfERG showed that the injured eye central reaction was significantly decreased (t = 8.727, P = 0.000). There was a significant correlation between P-VEP P100 amplitude and visual acuity (r = 0.067, P = 0.000). But there was no significant correlation between the P100 peak value, amplitude of P-VEP, mfERG central reaction, and injured days, respectively. There was significant difference between 2 groups with average visual acuity and mean defect value (t = 3.253, 3.461, P = 0.006, 0.003). There was statistical means the difference in P-VEP abnormal group, visual field abnormal group, and combined detection abnormal groups, the abnormal rate increased significantly (χ2 = 3.931, P < 0.01).

Conclusion:

Orbital floor fracture can lead to optic nerve damage and also may be associated with decreased macular function. The combination analysis of visual electrophysiology and vision field examination is beneficial to early diagnosis of ocular trauma and can improve the positive rate in clinic practice.

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