Effect of Differing Parameters on Irreversible Electroporation in a Porcine Model.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE

Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a new ablative technology to treat small renal masses. We evaluated differed ablation settings on lesion size and temperature changes in a porcine model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

After Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee approval, 36 laparoscopy-guided and 16 open ablations were performed on 13 domestic female pigs. Ablation parameters studied were voltage (1000 V/cm, 1500 V/cm, or 2000 V/cm), probe exposure (1.0 or 1.5 cm), and lesion size over time (survival) (0-, 7-, or 14 day). Temperature changes were monitored during open ablations with differed settings. Gross lesion size was measured, and histologic analysis with hematoxylin and eosin and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide staining was performed.

RESULTS

The 1000 V/cm ablations had no gross or histologic lesions. A factorial analysis of variance demonstrated that day (p = 0.56), exposure (p = 0.33), and voltage (p = 0.06) did not demonstrate statistical significance for affecting lesion size. For 1.0 cm probe exposure, 2000 V/cm did more closely approximate expected lesion size (p = 0.02) compared with 1500 V/cm. While significance was not seen for 1.5 cm probe exposure, 2000 V/cm often exceeded expected lesion volume. Only 1 of 4 temperature sensors, located adjacent to one of the IRE probes, noted a significant increase with increased voltage. However, all maximum temperatures remained less than 70°C.

CONCLUSIONS

Variation in lesion volume was seen with different ablation settings in this porcine model. Maximal energy and probe exposure settings should be utilized to ensure full coverage of target volume/mass, potentially without concern for thermal injury to renal collecting system or nearby structures.

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