Longitudinal Changes in Insulin Resistance, Beta-Cell Function and Glucose Regulation Status in Prediabetes

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background:

The changes in insulin resistance and insulin secretion and their association with changes in glucose regulation status in Asians with prediabetes remain uncertain.

Materials and Methods:

We included Korean adults (aged 20-79 years) with prediabetes who underwent routine medical check-ups at a mean interval of 5 years. Prediabetes was defined as fasting plasma glucose (FPG) 5.6-6.9 mmol/l or HbA1c 5.7-6.4% (39-46 mmol/mol). Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and beta-cell function (HOMA-%B) indices were assessed by homeostasis model assessment. Incident diabetes was defined as FPG ≥ 7.0 mmol/l, HbA1c ≥ 6.5% (48 mmol/mol), or initiation of antidiabetic medications.

Results:

Among the 7,208 participants with prediabetes, 4,410 (61.2%) remained as prediabetes (control group), 2,123 (29.5%) reverted to normal glucose regulation (regressors), and 675 (9.4%) progressed to type 2 diabetes (progressors) after 5 years. Compared with the control group, the progressors had higher baseline HOMA-IR (2.48 ± 1.45 versus 2.06 ± 1.20, P < 0.001), but similar baseline HOMA-%B (74.6 ± 47.6 versus 73.1 ± 41.4, P=0.68). By contrast, the regressors had lower baseline HOMA-IR (1.98 ± 1.14 versus 2.06 ± 1.20, P = 0.035) but higher baseline HOMA-%B (77.4 ± 43.1 versus 73.1 ± 41.4, P = 0.001). After 5 years, the progressors showed a 31% increase in HOMA-IR (2.48 ± 1.45 versus 3.24 ± 2.10, P < 0.001) and 15% decrease in HOMA-%B (74.6 ± 47.6 versus 63.8 ± 40.4, P < 0.001), whereas the regressors showed 29% decrease in HOMA-IR (1.98 ± 1.14 versus 1.41 ± 0.78, P < 0.001) and 4% increase in HOMA-%B (77.4 ± 43.1 versus 80.2 ± 47.9, P = 0.010).

Conclusions:

Although increase in insulin resistance and decrease in beta-cell function both contributed to the progression to type 2 diabetes from prediabetes, longitudinal change in insulin resistance was the predominant factor in Koreans.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles