The role of dalbavancin in skin and soft tissue infections

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Abstract

Purpose of review

The increase of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) represents a major concern both in community and in the hospital setting. Staphylococcus aureus is the most frequently isolated pathogen, and the rise in infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been associated with inadequate antibiotic treatment and increased morbidity.

Recent findings

A number of new antimicrobials with activity against drug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens, including MRSA, have been recently approved for the treatment of SSTIs. New lipoglycopeptides, in particular dalbavancin, are long-acting antibiotics with potential for infrequent administration, offering the possibility for outpatient treatment and early hospital discharge.

Summary

Dalbavancin is a new lipoglycopeptide showing high activity against Gram-positive bacteria, including drug-resistant strains. Dalbavancin presents a distinctive pharmacokinetic profile with a terminal prolonged half-life of approximately 14 days. This characteristic allows once-weekly dosing interval, avoiding the need for daily dosing and offering an advantage over other compounds for potential use in the outpatient setting or to promote early hospital discharge. Dalbavancin has a favorable adverse effect profile and appears to be a promising new alternative for treatment of SSTIs. We have reviewed the pharmacokinetic properties of dalbavancin and the clinical evidence for its use in complicated SSTIs and other potential applications.

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