Meningiomas currently are among the most frequent intracranial tumours. Although the majority of meningiomas can be cured by surgical resection, ˜ 20% of patients have an aggressive clinical course with tumour recurrence or progressive disease, resulting in substantial morbidity and increased mortality of affected patients. During the past 3 years, exciting new data have been published that provide insights into the molecular background of meningiomas and link sites of tumour development with characteristic histopathological and molecular features, opening a new road to novel and promising treatment options for aggressive meningiomas. A growing number of the newly discovered recurrent mutations have been linked to a particular clinicopathological phenotype. Moreover, the updated WHO classification of brain tumours published in 2016 has incorporated some of these molecular findings, setting the stage for the improvement of future therapeutic efforts through the integration of essential molecular findings. Finally, an additional potential classification of meningiomas based on methylation profiling has been launched, which provides clues in the assessment of individual risk of meningioma recurrence. All of these developments are creating new prospects for effective molecularly driven diagnosis and therapy of meningiomas.