DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH-EFFICIENCY PROTON RECOIL TELESCOPE FOR D-T NEUTRON FLUENCE MEASUREMENT.

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Abstract

A high-efficiency proton recoil telescope was developed to determine neutron fluences in neutron fields using the 3H(d,n)4He reaction. A 2-mm thick plastic scintillation detector was employed as a radiator to increase the detection efficiency and compensate for the energy loss of the recoil proton within. Two silicon detectors were employed as the ΔE and E detectors. The distance between the radiator and the E detector was varied between 50 and 150 mm. The telescope had detection efficiencies of 3.5 × 10-3 and 7.1 × 10-4 cm2 for distances of 50 and 100 mm, respectively, which were high enough to determine the neutron fluence in 14.8-MeV neutron fields, with a few thousand cm-2 s-1 fluence rate, within a few hours.

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