Fatigue Behavior of Crystalline-Reinforced Glass-Ceramics.

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Abstract

PURPOSE

To evaluate the fatigue behavior of two crystalline-reinforced ceramics: leucite-reinforced (VL) and lithium disilicate-based (VD) glass-ceramics.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Bar-shaped specimens (16 × 4 × 1.2 mm) were produced for each ceramic using prefabricated CAD/CAM blocks. For each group, 30 specimens were subjected to a three-point flexural strength test in a universal testing machine. For VL and VD, 36 and 41 specimens were subjected to a cyclic fatigue test, respectively. The cyclic fatigue test was performed with a pneumatic mechanical cycling machine (1 Hz; 37°C distilled water). Specimens were tested at two stress levels for each preset lifetime (103 and 104 cycles for VL; 104 and 105 cycles for VD) following the boundary technique. Fractography was performed with a scanning electron microscope. Data were analyzed with Weibull analysis.

RESULTS

There were significant differences among groups for characteristic strength (σ0 ) and Weibull modulus (m), as the confidence intervals did not overlap. The VD group presented the highest values of σ0 , but the lowest Weibull modulus. Both groups showed a reduction of approximately 60% of the initial flexural strength (σf ) after cycling for 104 cycles. For VD tested in fatigue, there was no degradation of σf when the number of cycles was increased from 104 to 105 . The VL group showed an 18% decrease in σf when the number of cycles increased from 103 to 104 . Flexural strength values estimated for a 5% probability of failure were 36 MPa for VL and 55 MPa for VD, after 104 cycles.

CONCLUSION

Both glass-ceramics showed similar strength degradation (60%) after a lifetime of 104 cycles, despite their distinct mechanical properties. Mechanical cycling in humid conditions proved to be an important factor for the degradation of the mechanical properties of crystalline-reinforced glass-ceramics.

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