Patients' preferences for coronary bypass grafting or staged percutaneous coronary intervention in multi-vessel coronary artery disease.
The decision for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (mCAD) is currently made by a heart-team approach. Patients' preference is less well investigated.METHODS
All consecutive patients with prior CABG and at least 2 PCI procedures were interviewed whether they would elect bypass surgery or staged PCI in case of a hypothetical scenario in which they had mCAD and CABG or PCI will equally improve symptoms and survival.RESULTS
A total 213 patients were surveyed. About 21 (10%) patients had multiple CABG, and mean number of PCI per patient was 4.0 ± 2.7. Complications during CABG were reported in 19.7% and in 14% after PCI, respectively. About 15% experienced complications after both CABG and PCI, and 51% had no complications at all. Mean symptom-free period was 5.2 (following CABG) vs 1.8 years (following PCI); P<.001. Duration of recovery was significant shorter after PCI (mean 9.2 ± 1.2 vs 136.4 ± 57.9 days; P<.01). Based on their personal experience with both procedures, 15% of the participants elected CABG in the hypothetical scenario and 67% choose staged PCI, 18% were equally happy with either. More participants preferred PCI when age was ≥70, complications following CABG occurred, and when undergoing CABG first. Gender, number of CABG or PCI procedures per patient, and complications following PCI did not affect participants' preference.CONCLUSIONS
In our hypothetical scenario, the majority of participants preferred staged PCI over CABG. Preferences were related to age, complications following CABG, and whether CABG was performed first.