Oroxylin A inhibits ethanol-induced hepatocyte senescence via YAP pathway.
Oroxylin A, a natural flavonoid isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis, has been reported to have anti-hepatic injury effects. However, the effects of oroxylin A on alcoholic liver disease (ALD) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of oroxylin A on ALD and the potential mechanisms.MATERIALS AND METHODS
Male ICR mice and human hepatocyte cell line LO2 were used. Yes-associated protein (YAP) overexpression and knockdown were achieved using plasmid and siRNA technique. Cellular senescence was assessed by analyses of the senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal), senescence marker p16, p21, Hmga1, cell cycle and telomerase activity.RESULTS
Oroxylin A alleviated ethanol-induced hepatocyte damage by suppressing activities of supernatant marker enzymes. We found that oroxylin A inhibited ethanol-induced hepatocyte senescence by decreasing the number of SA-β-gal-positive LO2 cells and reducing the expression of senescence markers p16, p21 and Hmga1 in vitro. Moreover, oroxylin A affected the cell cycle and telomerase activity. Of importance, we revealed that YAP pharmacological inhibitor verteporfin or YAP siRNA eliminated the effect of oroxylin A on ethanol-induced hepatocyte senescence in vitro, and this was further supported by the evidence in vivo experiments.CONCLUSION
Therefore, these aggregated data suggested that oroxylin A relieved alcoholic liver injury possibly by inhibiting the senescence of hepatocyte, which was dependent on its activation of YAP in hepatocytes.