Patient-Reported Outcomes After Lateral Wall Sinus Floor Elevation: A Systematic Review

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Abstract

Objectives:

The aim of this systematic review is to assess patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after a sinus lift elevation by means of a lateral approach.

Material and Methods:

An electronic search was performed to search for eligible publications reporting PROMs after a lateral wall sinus lift procedure. Selected articles were further scrutinized and underwent a quality check before inclusion in a final study pool.

Results:

The electronic search provided us with 2444 articles of which 98 were further examined through a full-text analysis. Of these 98 studies, 11 were selected based on our inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results on a different number of PROMs were examined and compared: pain, edema, ability to eat, ability to work, phonetics, daily activities, bleeding, bruising, ability to sleep, bad breath, patient preference, and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14). Methods of evaluation were 3- to 5-point scales, visual analog scale scores, and OHIP-14 questionnaires. Evaluation time points differed between 1 single evaluation time to a daily registration during 1 week.

Conclusions:

A general peak in discomfort could be noticed on day 1 postoperatively with a general decline thereafter. Severe morbidity or discomfort occurred but not in most patients.

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