Physiological Responses to Overdressing and Exercise-Heat Stress in Trained Runners

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Abstract

Purpose

To compare physiological and cellular responses to exercise in a hot environment (HOT; 40°C, 30% RH) with minimal clothing (clo = 0.87) and in a temperate environment (CLO; 15°C, 50% RH) with overdressing (clo = 1.89) in both men and women.

Methods

HR, rectal temperature (Tre), mean skin temperature (Tsk), sweating rate (SR), and extracellular heat shock protein (eHSP)72 were measured in 13 (7 males, 6 females) well-trained runners (V˙O2max: 58.7 ± 10.7 mL·kg−1·min−1) in response to ~60 min of treadmill running at 50%–60% V˙O2max in HOT and CLO.

Results

Tre increased in both conditions, but the increase was greater in HOT (ΔTre HOT: 2.6°C ± 0.1°C; CLO 2.0°C ± 0.1°C; P = 0.0003). SR was also higher in HOT (1.41 ± 0.1 L h−1; CLO: 1.16 ± 0.1 L·h−1; P = 0.0001). eHSP72 increased in HOT (% change: 59% ± 11%; P = 0.03) but not in CLO (6% ± 2%; P = 0.31). Mean Tsk and HR were not different between HOT and CLO in men but were higher in HOT for women.

Conclusion

These data support the idea that overdressing during exercise in a temperate environment may produce the high Tre, Tsk, HR, and SR necessary for adaptation, but these responses do not match those in hot, dry environments. It is possible that greater exercise stimulus, warmer environment, or more clothing may be required to allow for a similar level of acclimation.

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