Effects of the Humanized Anti-Adrenomedullin Antibody Adrecizumab (HAM8101) on Vascular Barrier Function and Survival in Rodent Models of Systemic Inflammation and Sepsis
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is an important regulator of endothelial barrier function during sepsis. Administration of a murine antibody targeted against the N-terminus of ADM (HAM1101) resulted in improved outcome in models of murine sepsis. We studied the effects of a humanized form of this antibody (HAM8101, also known as Adrecizumab) on vascular barrier dysfunction and survival in rodent models of systemic inflammation and sepsis.Methods:
Rats (n=48) received different dosages of HAM8101 or placebo (n = 8 per group), directly followed by administration of lipopolysaccharide (5 mg/kg). Twenty-four hours later, Evans Blue dye was administered to assess vascular leakage in kidney and liver tissue. Furthermore, mice (n = 24) were administered different dosages of HAM8101 or placebo (n = 6 per group), immediately followed by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Eighteen hours later, albumin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin-1 were analyzed in the kidney. Finally, effects of single and repeated dose administration of HAM1101, HAM8101 and placebo on survival were assessed in CLP-induced murine sepsis (n = 60, n = 10 per group).Results:
Dosages of 0.1 and 2.5 mg/kg HAM8101 attenuated renal albumin leakage in endotoxemic rats. Dosages of 0.1, 2.0 and 20 mg/kg HAM8101 reduced renal concentrations of albumin and the detrimental protein VEGF in septic mice, whereas concentrations of the protective protein angiopoietin-1 were augmented. Both single and repeated administration of both HAM1101 and HAM8101 resulted in improved survival during murine sepsis.Conclusions:
Pretreatment with the humanized anti-ADM antibody HAM8101 improved vascular barrier function and survival in rodent models of systemic inflammation and sepsis.