Diagnostic Ability and Structure-function Relationship of Peripapillary Optical Microangiography Measurements in Glaucoma

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Abstract

Purpose:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic abilities of peripapillary optical microangiography (OMAG) measurements in eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and to evaluate the relationship of these measurements with retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and visual sensitivities in different peripapillary sectors.

Methods:

In a cross-sectional study, 97 eyes of 57 control subjects and 101 eyes of 66 POAG patients underwent OMAG and RNFL imaging with optical coherence tomography. POAG was diagnosed on the basis of the masked evaluation of optic disc stereo photographs. Area under receiver operating characteristic curves and sensitivities at 90% specificity of the OMAG and RNFL thickness measurements in different peripapillary sectors were evaluated. Association between OMAG, RNFL thickness, and visual sensitivity measurements were evaluated using fractional polynomial regression models.

Results:

All OMAG and RNFL measurements were significantly less in the POAG compared with the control eyes. Diagnostic abilities of the best OMAG measurement (inferior sector vessel length density, area under receiver operating characteristic curves: 0.84, sensitivity at 90%, specificity: 65%) were significantly less (P<0.05) than that of the best RNFL measurement (inferior sector RNFL thickness, 0.94 and 81%). Inferior sector vessel length density showed the strongest association with inferior sector RNFL thickness (R2=0.66, P<0.001) and the superior sector visual sensitivity loss (R2=0.21, P=0.006).

Conclusions:

The inferior sector OMAG measurements had the best diagnostic ability in glaucoma and the strongest association with RNFL and the visual sensitivity measurements. Diagnostic ability of OMAG measurements, however, were significantly less than the RNFL thickness measurements.

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