Clinical Features and Outcomes of Post-Traumatic Silent Sinus Syndrome

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Abstract

Purpose:

To identify demographic features and clinical outcomes associated with post-traumatic silent sinus syndrome.

Methods:

A retrospective review was carried out at 3 academic medical centers to identify all cases of post-traumatic silent sinus syndrome. Clinical features and management strategies were recorded. Postoperative outcomes were assessed, and statistical analyses were performed via a dedicated computerized software package.

Results:

Twenty cases were identified (14 men and 6 women, mean age = 44.2 years). Seven patients underwent sinus surgery as the sole means of treatment, and the mean pre- and postoperative enophthalmos measurements were 2.86 and 1.93 mm. Alternatively, 13 patients underwent combined orbital reconstruction and sinus surgery, respectively; the mean pre- and postoperative enophthalmos measurements were 3.42 and 0.39 mm, respectively. The change in enophthalmos was statistically significantly greater in patients who underwent sinus surgery and orbital reconstruction (p = 0.00028). Among patients who underwent sinus surgery alone, one patients (14.2%) experienced complete resolution of enophthalmos, as compared with 10 patients (76.9%) who underwent combined procedures.

Conclusions:

This study represents the largest published cohort of patients with post-traumatic silent sinus syndrome. Combined orbital reconstruction and sinus surgery results in greater reductions of enophthalmos and a markedly improved chance of postoperative symmetry of globe position.

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