Accidental Rivaroxaban Intoxication in a Boy: Some Lessons in Managing New Oral Anticoagulants in Children
Novel oral anticoagulants offer equivalent or improved therapeutic profiles compared with warfarin, with less risk of bleeding, no interactions with food, and no need for routine laboratory monitoring. Caution must be exercised in using these drugs in certain patient populations, for example, renal insufficiency, those receiving additional antithrombotic therapy, those with questionable compliance, children, and those with a high risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. One of the novel oral anticoagulants, rivaroxaban, is a direct Factor Xa inhibitor, used to reduce risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism. We report a child who presented abnormal coagulation tests after unintended ingestion of 4 tablets of rivaroxaban. The patient was treated with fresh frozen plasma as well as admitted to intensive care and improved several hours later. We discuss his presentation and review of the literature on this topic.