Conversion of renal abstracts to papers: Published or perished?

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Research has long been a fundamental cornerstone of nephrology. Thirteen per cent of US fellows pursued nephrology due to a research interest, and 30% feel that rewarding research opportunities contribute to their job satisfaction.1 Yet it has been noted that the proportion of scientific renal publications as compared to other medical specialities is in decline since the 1970's.2
We hypothesized that difficulty publishing or building on early research findings may be a factor, which could be demonstrated by poor abstract conversion rates. Little is known about conversion rates of abstracts within nephrology, and we further speculated that there may be regional variation across the globe or inter‐speciality variation.
Furthermore, unpublished data impacts on researchers' efficiency, results in duplication, and inhibits effective meta‐analysis.3 Underreporting of research is pervasive and generates a publication bias. Critics of the phenomenon of underreporting have been understandably vocal.
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