Probability and correlates of nicotine dependence among smokers with and without major depressive disorder: Results from the national epidemiology survey on alcohol and related conditions
This study aims to use data from a nationally representative survey to examine the correlates of nicotine dependence among smokers with and without major depressive disorder.Methods
Data were drawn from the Wave 1 of the National Epidemiology Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC, 2001–2002). Logistic regression analyses taking into account the complex sampling design were used to examine the correlates of nicotine dependence.Results
The typical correlates of nicotine dependence (odds > 1.44 or 1/1.44, effect size (d) > .2) were age, race, employment, weight, and the interaction effects of gender with age of first use, age at onset of daily smoking, and quantity of smoking.Conclusion and Practice Implications
This study will increase psychiatric nurses' understanding and awareness regarding the correlates of nicotine dependence.