A Mixed-Methods Approach to Humanistic Interprofessional Faculty Development

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Abstract

Introduction:

This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Mentoring and Professionalism in Training (MAP-IT) program, a longitudinal, interprofessional faculty development curriculum designed to enhance clinicians' humanistic mentoring skills, specifically nurses and physicians.

Methods:

During 2014 to 2016, two consecutive cohorts of nurses and physicians completed the MAP-IT program. Participants included 169 high potential mentors (HPMs) and 61 facilitator leaders. Each 10-month program consisted of small group work, experiential learning, and critical reflection aimed at enhancing humanistic mentoring skills. Throughout the program, facilitator leaders served as mentors for the HPMs. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected to measure changes in skill levels specific to humanistic teaching practices, as well as overall evaluation of the program's curriculum and logistics. Quantitative data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, descriptive statistics, and Fisher exact test, as appropriate. Qualitative data assessing the overall impact and applicability of the program to the clinical setting were analyzed using content analysis methodology.

Results:

Across cohorts, HPMs demonstrated significant increases in perceptions of humanistic teaching skills. During objective structured teaching simulations, significant increases were also found in HPMs' self-reported mentoring skills and their skills as rated by a standardized RN/MD. Qualitative analyses revealed themes of the program to be skill development and application, mentorship, humanism, mindfulness, self-care, and acknowledgment of overlapping interprofessional roles.

Discussion:

Utilizing an interprofessional education approach, the MAP-IT program was determined to be a feasible strategy to positively impact the personal and professional development of nurses and physicians.

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