Is More Better? Examining Whether Enhanced Consultation/Coaching Improves Implementation
It is extremely challenging to implement evidence-based interventions in community-based agencies with sufficient quality, fidelity, and intensity to produce desired changes in practice and outcomes. This is particularly difficult to do within the confines of existing service providers’ time, personnel, and resource constraints. Over the past 15 years, Together Facing the Challenge (TFTC) has been developed, tested, and disseminated in an effort to address this set of issues to improve treatment foster care (TFC). Data from the initial randomized trial showed improved practice and outcomes in TFTC compared to usual TFC. These initial results came from study-led training and follow-up consultation. Subsequent dissemination activities suggested potential need for more intensive support for TFTC supervisors to produce more consistent and sustained implementation of the model. The current randomized trial extends this work by comparing the previously tested standard consultation versus enhanced consultation that incorporated more of a coaching approach. Initial results suggest that enhanced coaching/consultation was associated with improvements in the small- to medium-effect size range. Results are promising, but require additional work to more fully understand how and whether to enhance supports as agencies implement new evidence-based approaches.