Using polyphenol derivatives to prevent muscle wasting

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Abstract

Purpose of review

To highlight recent evidence for the ability of polyphenols and their derivatives to reduce muscle wasting in different pathological states.

Recent findings

From January 2016 to August 2017, four articles dealt with the effects of polyphenols on muscle wasting, which were all carried out in mice. The four studies found that polyphenols reduced muscle mass loss associated with cancer cachexia, acute inflammation or sciatic nerve section. One study even showed that muscle mass was totally preserved when rutin was added to the diet of mice undergoing cancer cachexia. The beneficial effects of polyphenols on muscle wasting were mainly due to a reduction in the activation of the nuclear factor-kappa B pathway, a lower oxidative stress level and a better mitochondrial function. In addition, urolithin B was found to have a testosterone-like effect and to favorably regulate muscle protein balance.

Summary

During the last 20 months, additional data have been collected about the beneficial effects of rutin, curcumin, quercetin, ellagitanins and urolithin B to limit the loss of muscle mass associated with several pathological states. However, currently, scientific evidence lacks for their use as nutraceuticals in human.

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