Comparison of the Radiologic and Clinical Findings of Adolescents With Breast Complaints

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Abstract

Introduction:

The American College of Radiology’s Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) was developed to guide imaging-based surgical treatment in patients with breast cancer. Studies confirming the BI-RADS did not include adolescents. To evaluate the validity of this classification system in adolescents, we aim to investigate the relationship between the BI-RADS and pathology findings in adolescents.

Methods:

The medical data of 67 female adolescent patients, aged 12 to 18, referred to our clinic for breast-related complaints between 2013 and 2016 were reviewed retrospectively for demographic data and the results of radiologic and surgical pathologies.

Results:

The main underlying reasons for the visit at the clinic were fullness, tenderness, pain, and palpable masses. Of the 67 patients, 46 were enrolled in the study. After breast ultrasonography, patients whose complaints had diminished were subtracted from the follow-up. The mean age of the patients was 16 years (12 to 18 y). The mean mass diameter size was 3.69 cm (0.9 to 15 cm), and the mean clinical follow-up was 65.3 days (11 to 1095 d). All the patients who were surgically intervened had benign pathology. Of the 21 surgically intervened patients with BI-RADS levels of ≥3, most had fibroadenomas.

Conclusions:

The BI-RADS classification–based treatment algorithm may not be valid in adolescents. In the present study, all patients with lesions with BI-RADS ≥3 levels had revealed benign pathologies. The BI-RADS classification may show an increased risk. However, to determine the need for a biopsy in adolescents, there is a need for larger-scale pediatric and adolescent studies using the BI-RADS classification.

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