Intracorporeal Anastomosis Reduces Surgical Stress Response in Laparoscopic Right Hemicolectomy: A Prospective Randomized Trial
Total laparoscopic right hemicolectomy is a procedure that involves an intracorporeal anastomosis. This approach may reduce tissue injury resulting in a significant lower surgical stress response (SSR) compared with the same procedure performed with an extracorporeal anastomosis. The purpose of this study was to compare the SSR level between 2 groups of patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal or extracorporeal anastomosis. From June 2015 to December 2016, 60 patients were enrolled and randomized. Interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, white blood cell count, cortisol, prolactin, prealbumin, albumin, triglycerides, and transferrin were analyzed preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 5 days postoperatively. Interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein levels were significantly lower in the intracorporeal group on days 1, 3, and 5 postoperatively compared with the extracorporeal group. Gastrointestinal recovery was significantly earlier in the intracorporeal group. The intracorporeal anastomosis in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy reduces SSR, which may play a role in bowel recovery.