Acute Phase Predictors of 6-Month Functional Outcome in Italian Stroke Patients Eligible for In-Hospital Rehabilitation

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the study was to assess early poststroke prognostic factors in patients admitted for postacute phase rehabilitation.

Methods

A 1-yr multicenter prospective project was conducted in four Italian regions on 352 patients who were hospitalized after a first stroke and were eligible for postacute rehabilitation. Clinical data were collected in the stroke or acute care units (acute phase), then in rehabilitation units (postacute phase), and, subsequently, after a 6-mo poststroke period (follow-up). Clinical outcome measures were represented using the Barthel Index and the modified Rankin Scale. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the most important prognostic index.

Results

Modified Rankin Scale score, minor neurologic impairment, and early out-of-bed mobilization (within 2 days after the stroke) proved to be important factors related to a better recovery according to Barthel Index (power of prediction = 37%). Similarly, age, premorbid modified Rankin Scale score, and early out-of-bed mobilization were seen to be significant factors in achieving better overall participation and activity according to the modified Rankin Scale (power of prediction = 48%). Barthel Index at admission and certain co-morbidities were also significant prognostic factors correlated with a better outcome.

Conclusions

According to the Barthel Index and modified Rankin Scale, early mobilization is an early predictor of favorable outcome.

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CME Objectives

Upon completion of this article, the reader should be able to: (1) Incorporate prognostic factors of good clinical outcomes after stroke in developing treatment plans for patients admitted to rehabilitation; (2) Identify acute phase indicators associated with favorable 6-mo outcome after stroke; and (3) Recognize the cut-off for early mobilization linked to better outcome in stroke survivors admitted to rehabilitation.

Level

Advanced

Accreditation

The Association of Academic Physiatrists is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Accreditation

The Association of Academic Physiatrists designates this Journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

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