Neuro-ICU patient disposition: optimal venue for acute needs

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Abstract

Purpose of review

This article revises the recent evidence on ICU admission criteria for acute neurological patients [traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients, postoperative neurosurgical procedures and stroke].

Recent findings

The appropriate utilization of ICU beds is essential, but it is complex and a challenge to attain. To date there are no widely accepted international guidelines for managing these acute brain-injured patients (stroke, TBI, postneurosurgery) in the ICU. The criteria for ICU admission after neurological acute injury, high-dependency unit or a specialized neurosurgical ward vary from institution to institution depending on local structures and characteristics of the available resources. Better evidence to standardize the treatment and the degree of monitoring is needed during neurological acute injury. It is highly recommended to implement clinical vigilance in these patients regardless of their destination (ICU, stroke unit or ward).

Summary

Currently evidence do not allow to define standardized protocol to guide ICU admission for acute neurological patients (TBI patients, postoperative neurosurgical procedures and stroke).

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