Modification Patterns of Urinary Albumin Correlates With Serum Albumin and Outcome in Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis

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Abstract

Background and Aims:

Albumin modifications and deranged functions are well documented in serum of severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH). We investigated whether urinary albumin (u-Alb) can serve as surrogate marker of circulatory albumin phenotype, functionality, and could predict outcome in SAH patients.

Patients and Methods:

Baseline serum and urine samples from 100 SAH, 20 alcoholic cirrhosis, and 20 healthy controls were subjected to u-Alb, ischemia modified albumin (IMA), IMA to albumin ratio (IMAr), advanced oxidation protein products, advanced glycation end-products, albumin-binding capacity determination. In addition, SAH urinary samples were also analyzed at day 4 and day 7 to predict nonresponse to corticosteroid therapy.

Results:

Urine and serum levels of IMA, advanced oxidation protein products and advanced glycation end-products were higher (P<0.05) in SAH versus alcoholic cirrhosis and healthy controls. IMAr was low in urine but high in serum of SAH (P<0.05). Albumin-binding capacity was lower (P<0.05) in both urinary and serum albumin of SAH. Urinary and serum albumin parameters showed direct correlation, whereas IMAr showed inverse correlation (cc>0.2, P<0.05). Baseline u-Alb level was significantly higher in SAH, and was correlated directly with corticosteroid treatment outcome and 12-month mortality in SAH. Baseline u-Alb showed an area under the receivers operating curve analysis of 0.7 and a hazard ratio of 1.23 for prediction of 12-month mortality in SAH. Baseline u-Alb level >9.0 mg/dL was associated with reduced 12-month survival in SAH (log rank <0.01).

Conclusions:

u-Alb modifications are reflective of serum albumin modifications. Further baseline u-Alb levels could be exploited to predict steroid response and mortality in SAH patients.

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