Efficacy of Lyophilised Platelet-Rich Plasma Powder on Healing Rate in Patients With Deep Second Degree Burn Injury: A Prospective Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial

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Abstract

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a kind of plasma that is rich in platelets after processing. It includes various growth factors and cytokines, which speed up the process of wound healing and hemostasis. The PRP solution used in this study is diluted from lyophilized PRP powder, which decreased the possibility of contamination, facilitated the storage, and prolonged the storage life. From in vitro fibroblast proliferation testing, the numbers of PRP supplement were performed for 1, 4, and 7 times by continuous replacement of culture medium each day. Four times of lyophilized PRP supplement was selected for clinical study due to sufficient promotion of fibroblast proliferation. Next, 27 patients of deep second-degree burn wound were included in this study. Patients were assigned to two groups: PRP group (n = 15) and control group (n = 12). A concentration of 1.0 × 107 platelets/cm2 (wound area) according to wound size was sprayed on the wound evenly. Function was mainly assessed by the percentage of wound closure and bacteria picking out rate in 2 and 3 weeks. The wound closure at 3 weeks showed a significant difference in PRP group (P < 0.05). The healing rate of PRP group reached nearly 80% and made a breakthrough of 90% in 3 weeks, showing a significant difference compared with the control group (P < 0.05). Lyophilized PRP can be considered as an effective treatment to increase healing rate in patients with deep second-degree burn injury.

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