MTHFR Gene Polymorphism Is Associated With DNA Hypomethylation and Genetic Damage Among Benzene-Exposed Workers in Southeast China

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Abstract

Objective and Methods:

To analyze the association between global DNA methylation and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR). MTHFR polymorphisms rs1801133 and rs1801131 were detected using the restriction fragment length polymorphism method, and cytokinesis-block micronucleus (MN) frequency and global DNA methylation was measured in workers from 410 shoe factories.

Results:

A multilinear regression analysis demonstrated that DNA methylation of the TT variant allele of rs1801133 was lower than that of the CC wild type allele (Exp(β) [95% CI], 0.76 [0.56, 1.02], P = 0.071), with a P-value approaching significance. A significantly increased MN frequency was observed for carriers of the TT genotype (frequency ratio = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.07–1.51, P < 0.01).

Conclusion:

The results imply that the TT genotype in rs1801133 is associated with global DNA hypomethylation, which may influence the induction of MN following exposure to benzene.

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