Results for Water-drinking Test, before and after Laser Iridotomy, in Primary Angle-closure Suspects

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Abstract

SIGNIFICANCE

Intraocular pressure and ocular biometric changes were similar before and after laser iridotomy in response to the water-drinking test in a cohort of patients at risk of angle closure. The water-drinking test does not seem to be a good provocative test to determine which eyes would benefit from a laser iridotomy. Our data call into question the preoperative predictive value of this test.

PURPOSE

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of water-drinking test on intraocular pressure and ocular biometric parameters, before and after laser peripheral iridotomy, in patients with an occludable angle.

METHODS

Twenty-seven patients, who met the inclusion criteria and had at least 180 degrees of iridotrabecular apposition, underwent a complete eye examination followed by the measurement of ocular biometric (using LenStar LS-900; Haag-Streit AG, Koeniz, Switzerland) and anterior chamber parameters (using Pentacam HR; Oculus Optikgerate GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany). All the measurements were repeated 30 minutes after the water-drinking test. Two weeks after laser peripheral iridotomy, all the measurements were repeated both before and after the water-drinking test.

RESULTS

The mean ± SD of the age of the participants was 57 ± 9 years, and 23 (85.2%) were male. Intraocular pressure increased after the water-drinking test in both pre–laser peripheral iridotomy (17.0 vs. 19.3 mmHg, P < .001) and post–laser peripheral iridotomy (15.6 vs. 18.6 mmHg, P < .001) conditions. The thickness values of central cornea increased slightly after the water-drinking test in pre–laser peripheral iridotomy (535 vs. 538 μm, P = .001) compared with post–laser peripheral iridotomy (532 vs. 536 μm, P = .003). The water-drinking test had no significant effect on other biometric or anterior chamber parameters, before or after laser peripheral iridotomy.

CONCLUSIONS

The water-drinking test increased intraocular pressure, both before and after laser peripheral iridotomy. Laser peripheral iridotomy had no significant effect on the amount of intraocular pressure change after the water-drinking test. The water-drinking test has no effect on other biometric or anterior chamber parameters.

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