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The effect of caffeine on endurance performance after nonselective beta-adrenergic blockade.

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Abstract

PURPOSE

This study was designed to test the hypothesis that combined administration of propranolol and caffeine (Pr+C) would increase endurance performance compared with the administration of propranolol alone (Pr) if caffeine would be able to increase plasma free fatty acid (FFA) availability and/or lower plasma potassium concentration compared with propranolol administration alone.

METHODS

Fifteen volunteers participated in the double-blind placebo-controlled randomized cross-over study. An endurance exercise test until exhaustion was performed after ingestion of placebo (Pl), 80-mg propranolol (Pr), and 80-mg propranolol plus 5 mg x kg(-1) caffeine (Pr+C).

RESULTS

Endurance time (+/-SD) was 79.3 +/- 20.4 min in the Pl trial, 22.6 +/- 10.8 min in the Pr trial and 31.2 +/- 17.2 min in the Pr+C trial (P < 0.001). The difference between the Pr and Pr+C trials just failed to reach statistical significance (P = 0.056). Plasma FFA concentration and plasma potassium concentrations were similar in the Pr and Pr+C trials, but differed significantly from the Pl trial (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION

Although there was a clear tendency for an improved performance in the Pr+C trial compared to the Pr trial, this improvement was not associated with increased plasma FFA concentration and/or reduced plasma potassium concentration in the Pr+C compared to the Pr trial. These results do not support the hypothesis that caffeine improves endurance performance by stimulating lipolysis or lowering plasma potassium concentration.

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