Trapdoor fracture of the orbit in a pediatric population.


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Abstract

Orbital-floor blowout fractures of the trapdoor variety, first described by Soll and Poley, have also appeared in the French and Japanese literature. The trapdoor fracture is described as a pure orbital-floor fracture, linear in form and hinged medially, which allows herniation of orbital contents through the fracture and then entraps these herniated contents. A review of the orbital-floor fracture literature reveals a high incidence of persistent diplopia associated with ocular-muscle entrapment, which may later necessitate corrective surgery of extraocular muscles. Recent publications in the ophthalmologic literature have stressed the importance of early surgical intervention. This article reports a retrospective series of 19 pediatric patients (age range, 5 to 16 years) who presented to two institutions. All patients had radiographic confirmation of a trapdoor fracture. Physical examination demonstrated a high association between these fractures and restricted ocular motility (17 of the 19 patients). In the cases with trapdoor fracture and restricted ocular movement, early intervention was associated with better postoperative function. It is thus recommended that the symptomatic trapdoor orbit fracture be considered an urgent indication for surgical intervention. Practitioners therefore must have a high index of suspicion for these injuries. Prompt diagnosis is critical to maximize clinical outcome.

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