|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a single infusion of infliximab in the treatment of pediatric Crohn's disease (CD).A total of 21 pediatric CD patients were enrolled at seven study centers and randomized to receive a single infusion of infliximab 1 mg/kg (n = 6), 5 mg/kg (n = 7), or 10 mg/kg (n = 8) over at least 2 hrs at week 0 in this multicenter, open-label, dose-blinded trial. Efficacy assessments, including the Pediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI), modified CDAI, C-reactive protein concentration (CRP), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) determinations, were made at screening and at weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12. Adverse events were assessed throughout study participation.Improvements in the PCDAI, modified CDAI, ESR, and CRP were observed with all infliximab doses, beginning at week 1. On average, all treated patients experienced approximately 50% improvement in the PCDAI by week 2. By week 12, the PCDAI remained approximately 30% improved from baseline. During the study, all 21 patients (100%) achieved a clinical response, and 10 patients (48%) achieved clinical remission. There were no infusion reactions in any of the treatment arms.The results of this trial suggest that infliximab may be safe and effective as short-term therapy of medically refractory moderate to severe CD in a pediatric population.