Twenty-Year Review of Revision Stapedectomy

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Abstract

Objective

To evaluate surgical findings and techniques, patient management techniques, and audiometric results of 522 revision stapedectomies.

Study Design

Retrospective chart review.

Setting

Tertiary otologic referral center.

Patients

A total of 522 revision stapedectomies over a 20-year period in Warren, Ohio, and Israel. The audiologic criterion for revision was an air-bone gap greater than 20 dB over the three-frequency range 0.5 to 2 kHz.

Results

Of the 522 revision cases, a total of 483 patients were operated on to improve hearing. The remainder of the patients were operated on for various other noted reasons. Closure of the air-bone gap to within 10 dB was achieved in 71% of patients (343 of 483). The mean pure-tone average improvement was 17.8 dB, with an average postoperative air-bone gap of 7.3 dB. The most common surgical findings were prosthesis malfunction at the oval window, incus, or both (58%). Since beginning the use of the Argon laser for surgical problems, the success rate has increased to 80%. A subgroup of 35 Argon laser revision stapedectomies resulted in a larger hearing gain (25.2 dB) and 91.4% closure of the air-bone gap to less than 10 dB.

Conclusions

More than 70% of revision stapedectomy cases for hearing improvement have had successful closure of their air-bone gap. Since the introduction of the laser 5 years ago, the success rate has increased to 80%. In those specific cases where the laser was required, the success rate increased to 91.4%. Regardless of the revision technique, hearing results were the least successful when the incus could not be used for reconstruction.

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