Predictors of Medication Adherence in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study reports cross-sectional medication adherence data from year 1 of the Manitoba Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Cohort Study, a longitudinal, population-based study of multiple determinants of health outcomes in IBD in those diagnosed within 7 yr.METHODSA total of 326 participants completed a validated multi-item self-report measure of adherence, which assesses a range of adherence behaviors. Demographic, clinical, and psycho-social characteristics were also assessed by survey. Adherence was initially considered as a continuous variable and then categorized as high or low adherence for logistic regression analysis to determine predictors of adherence behavior.RESULTSUsing the cutoff score of 20/25 on the Medication Adherence Report Scale, high adherence was reported by 73% of men and 63% of women. For men, predictors of low adherence included diagnosis (UC: OR 4.42, 95% CI 1.66–11.75) and employment status (employed: OR 11.27, 95% CI 2.05–62.08). For women, predictors of low adherence included younger age (under 30 versus over 50 OR 3.64, 95% CI 1.41–9.43; under 30 vs. 40–49 yr: OR 2.62, 95% CI 1.07–6.42). High scores on the Obstacles to Medication Use Scale strongly related to low adherence for both men (OR 4.05, 95% CI 1.40–11.70) and women (OR 3.89, 95% CI 1.90–7.99). 5-ASA use (oral or rectal) was not related to adherence. For women, immunosuppressant use versus no use was associated with high adherence (OR 4.49, 95% CI 1.58–12.76). Low trait agreeableness was associated with low adherence (OR 2.03, 95% CI 1.12–3.66).CONCLUSIONSApproximately one-third of IBD patients were low adherers. Predictors of adherence differed markedly between genders, although obstacles such as medication cost were relevant for both men and women.

    loading  Loading Related Articles