Long-Term Effect of Magnesium Consumption on the Risk of Symptomatic Gallstone Disease Among Men


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

BACKGROUNDMagnesium deficiency can cause dyslipidemia and insulin hypersecretion, which may facilitate gallstone formation. However, the effect of long-term consumption of magnesium on the risk of gallstone disease is unknown.METHODSWe prospectively studied magnesium consumption and risk of gallstone disease in a cohort of 42,705 U.S. men from 1986 to 2002. Magnesium consumption was assessed using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Newly diagnosed gallstone disease was ascertained biennially.RESULTSWe documented 2,195 incident cases of symptomatic gallstones during 560,810 person-years of follow-up. The age-adjusted relative risks (RRs) for men with total magnesium intake and dietary magnesium, when the highest and lowest quintiles were compared, were 0.67 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.59–0.77, P for trend <0.0001) and 0.67 (CI 0.59–0.76, P for trend <0.0001), respectively. After adjusting for multiple potential confounding variables, when extreme quintiles were compared, the multivariate RR of total magnesium intake (RR 0.72, CI 0.61–0.86, P for trend = 0.006) and dietary magnesium (RR 0.68, CI 0.57–0.82, P for trend = 0.0006) remained significant with a dose–response relationship.CONCLUSIONSOur findings suggest a protective role of magnesium consumption in the prevention of symptomatic gallstone disease among men.

    loading  Loading Related Articles