On the definitions and physiology of back pain, referred pain, and radicular pain

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Despite the efforts of the International Association for the Study of Pain [6,21], confusion still persists amongst clinicians about the definitions of back pain, referred pain, radicular pain, and radiculopathy. Basic scientists now stand to inherit this confusion as they develop animal models of back pain [7].
Pivotal to the definition of these entities are seminal studies undertaken 50, 60, and 70years ago. The legacy of this pioneering work has not properly permeated medical education, publications or clinical practice.
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