Impact of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Coinfection on the Progression of Mother-to-child Transmitted Hepatitis C Virus Infection

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Data on mother-to-child transmitted human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus (HIV/HCV) coinfection are scarce. A prospective observational study with a cohort of 70 HCV-infected children (13 of whom were HIV/HCV-coinfected; mean follow-up: 7.3 years) is presented. In our series, surrogate markers of disease progression (HCV viremia, maximum alanine aminotransferase values, and spontaneous HCV infection clearance) suggest that the evolution of liver disease in HIV/HCV-coinfected pediatric patients is more aggressive than it is in HCV-only infected children.

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