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The aim of this study is to review the recent findings on the prevalence, clinical features, and diagnosis of vertigo from brainstem and cerebellar strokes.Patients with isolated vertigo are at higher risk for stroke than the general population. Strokes involving the brainstem and cerebellum may manifest as acute vestibular syndrome, and acute isolated audiovestibular loss may herald impending infarction in the territory of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery. Appropriate bedside evaluation is superior to MRI for detecting central vestibular syndromes. Recording of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials is useful for evaluation of the central otolithic pathways in brainstem and cerebellar strokes.Accurate identification of isolated vascular vertigo is very important since misdiagnosis of acute stroke may result in significant morbidity and mortality, whereas overdiagnosis of vascular vertigo would lead to unnecessary costly work-ups and medication.