Reproducibility of Optic Nerve Head Hemoglobin Measures

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Abstract

Purpose:

To evaluate intraobserver, interobserver, within-session and between-session reproducibility of the measurement of optic nerve head (ONH) hemoglobin levels by color analysis using Laguna ONhE [optic nerve hemoglobin (ONH Hb)] program.

Materials and Methods:

This was an observational prospective study of 29 eyes (11 glaucomatous; 18 healthy eyes). Two examiners obtained 2 retinal photographs (Canon non-mydriatic retinal camera CD-DGi, Canon Inc.,Tokyo, Japan) in 2 testing sessions 3 weeks apart and analyzed the images using Laguna ONhE. The following parameters were quantified: ONH hemoglobin amounts across the whole disc (ONH Hb) and in the vertical disc diameter (8&20 Hb), cup-disc ratio (C/D), and the Glaucoma Discriminant Function (GDF). Agreement was illustrated using the Bland-Altman plots and reproducibility was assessed comparing the intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC).

Results:

In session 1, examiner 1 found mean levels of ONH hemoglobin of 67.94±8.70% in healthy eyes and of 57.90±5.36% in glaucomatous eyes. Corresponding values for examiner 2 were 68.27±8.52% and 57.83±4.88%, respectively. ONH Hb and 8&20 Hb measurements were lower in glaucomatous eyes (P=0.002 and P=0.001 respectively). GDF was also more pathologic in glaucomatous group. C/D ratio estimation was greater in the glaucoma group (P=0.003). ONH Hb and 8&20 Hb showed the highest ICCs (all above 0.9). Variability was greater for GDF (ICC>0.8) and C/D ratio estimation (ICC>0.71).

Conclusions:

Measurement of ONH Hb levels using the Laguna ONhE program shows high reproducibility both in glaucomatous and nonglaucomatous ONHs.

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