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Pregnancy Outcomes After Fertility Preservation in Transgender Men

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Transgender individuals, individuals whose gender identity does not align with their sex assigned at birth, undergoing gender-affirming hormonal or surgical therapies may experience loss of fertility. Assisted reproductive technologies have expanded family-building options for transgender men who were assigned female at birth.

CASES:

Three transgender men underwent oocyte cryopreservation before gender-affirming hormonal therapy. One patient underwent fertility preservation as an adolescent. Two adult patients had children using their cryopreserved oocytes, with the pregnancies carried by their sexually intimate partners.

CONCLUSION:

Transgender men with cryopreserved gametes can build families in a way that affirms their gender identity. Obstetrician–gynecologists should be familiar with the fertility needs of transgender patients so appropriate discussions and referrals can be made.

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