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To investigate the long-term safety and tolerability of capsaicin 8% patch repeat treatment in nondiabetic patients with peripheral neuropathic pain.A prospective, open-label, observational study in patients with postherpetic neuralgia, posttraumatic or postsurgical nerve injury, HIV-associated distal sensory polyneuropathy, or other peripheral neuropathic pain, and average daily pain score ≥4, who received ≤6 capsaicin 8% patch treatments over 52 weeks according to clinical need (retreatment at 9 to 12 wk intervals). Sensory testing and analgesic effectiveness were assessed using “bedside tests” and Brief Pain Inventory (question 5).Overall, 306 patients received treatment. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and drug-related TEAEs were reported by 252 (82.4%) and 207 (67.6%) patients. Application site pain was the most common drug-related TEAE (n=112, 36.6%); no drug-related serious TEAEs were reported. Sensory category shift analyses from baseline to end of study (EoS) in patients attending at least 2 sensory visits (n=278 for all tests except warm, n=277) found sensory deterioration/loss in at least 1 modality in 50.4% (n=140); deterioration/loss in 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 modalities occurred in 26.6% (n=74), 14.0% (n=39), 5.8% (n=16), 2.5% (n=7), and 1.4% (n=4) cases. Newly emergent hyperesthesia or allodynia was apparent in 1.1% to 3.6% of the cases (depending on modality) by EoS. Between 25.2% and 32.0% of patients reported improvement in a sensory modality by EoS. Average daily pain was 6.6 and 4.7 at baseline and month 12.Generally, capsaicin 8% patch repeat treatment over 52 weeks was well tolerated, with variable alteration in sensory function and minimal chance of complete sensory loss.